Bitcoin halving is a critical event occurring approximately every four years within the cryptocurrency’s protocol. During halving, the block reward earned by miners is cut in half, reducing the supply of new bitcoins entering circulation. This scarcity enhances Bitcoin’s store of value proposition, often likened to digital gold. With a capped supply of 21 million coins, halving contributes to its deflationary nature. Each halving event historically leads to increased price volatility and heightened market speculation. As the fourth halving approaches, the implications on miner incentives, transaction fees, and long-term price appreciation remain subjects of great interest and scrutiny within the cryptocurrency community.